The challenge of oral culture is celebrated, for with no a few idea of this medium no historical past of Jesus will be attainable. This research examines Mark 4.1-34 within the gentle of 3 certain versions of orality: Rudolf Bultmann's form-critical approach, B. Gerhardsson's 'Memory and Manuscript' thought and the hot contribution of W. Kelber. The form-critically separate devices within the try (allegory, parables and aphorisms) are tested at the foundation in their attestation in numerous files (Mark, Q, Thomas) to figure out no matter if autonomous types of those sayings may be pointed out and what they let us know concerning the oral section and Jesus. This research means that the standards for authenticity of 'distinctiveness' and 'multiple attestation' must be re-examined in gentle of the folkloric realizing of orality.
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